Harvesting corn is a matter of picking the ears at peak flavor. Harvesting corn on time so that silage is neither too wet or too dry improves silage preservation and animal intake and is another reason for allowing your corn crop to reach its maximum potential. In addition to the various sugar types, sweet corn cultivars differ in kernel color (yellow, white and bicolor) and maturation times - early (less than 70 days), midseason (70 to 84 days) and late (more than 84 days).
Each ear is loaded with tiny kernels come harvest time, and three or four five-foot-long rows should be plenty. For that reason, grain quality experts suggest allowing corn to field dry below 20% moisture before harvesting. About 10 seconds after the head takes in the ears there will be clean, separated grain in the grain tank.
This silage will have high dry matter losses, high levels of foul-smelling butyric acid, with a higher pH, and poor feed quality, palatability and intake potential. Focus on harvesting at the correct moisture. On-Farm Moisture Testing of Corn Silage Online. You can imagine a rain drop hitting a corn stalk is less likely to wash away soil that has been tilled heavily, left to absorb the impact on its own.
As far as companion plants, corn and potatoes do fine, although corn is a heavy feeder, while potatoes are medium feeders and do better without as much nitrogen (which encourages foliage rather than tuber formation). In addition, no-till reduces soil moisture loss early in the season so more water is available for corn growth later in the season.
Frank Hennenfent, secretary of the Illinois Corn Husking club , which hosts the yearly contest, drives a 6-row combine this time of year but hopes the organization will help keep the art of husking by hand alive. Inconsistent watering can stress shallow-rooted corn plants.
Therefore if the sample was 70 % moisture and 65% moisture is the target, harvest should be done about 10 days after the corn was sampled. Is it possible to grow corn around the middle of August toward the end to yield a good crop. The first step to determine when a field is ready for harvest is to note the order in How Farms Work which you planted your fields.
If you face a situation with down corn use these tips to try to save as many precious kernels as you can. Yields for most of the major crops Michigan produces are expected to be down from last year, according to a news story published Friday by Michigan Farm News.
Regardless of the harvesting method, check ears for worms, insects and bird damage to ensure you are marketing a high-quality product. Sweet corn has a short harvest period, and harvesting on the day of optimum maturity is important for good quality and yield.
Plants are less successful on dry or heavy soil. After much of the research I have done on sweet corn, I have found that a stalk will produce between one and two usable cobs, in the variety I am planting. Crop conditions, including non-grain crop moisture, can change rapidly during autumn days.
How to Grow Corn: Corn is a tender, warm-season annual that is best planted after the soil temperature reaches 60°F, usually 2 or 3 weeks after the last frost in spring. But allowing corn to field dry can also have negative consequences to both yield and quality if stalk or ear rot diseases or insect feeding damage are increasing.